USGS - science for a changing world

South Dakota Water Science Center

orange dotHome orange dotScience Topics orange dotOur Cooperators orange dotPublications/Videos orange dotGIS/Geospatial Resources orange dotNewsroom orange dotOutreach orange dotContact

DATA CENTER

INFORMATION CENTER

USGS IN YOUR STATE

USGS Water Science Centers are located in each state.

There is a USGS Water Science Center office in each State. Washington Oregon California Idaho Nevada Montana Wyoming Utah Colorado Arizona New Mexico North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Texas Minnesota Iowa Missouri Arkansas Louisiana Wisconsin Illinois Mississippi Michigan Indiana Ohio Kentucky Tennessee Alabama Pennsylvania West Virginia Georgia Florida Caribbean Alaska Hawaii New York Vermont New Hampshire Maine Massachusetts South Carolina North Carolina Rhode Island Virginia Connecticut New Jersey Maryland-Delaware-D.C.

Black Hills Area Floods - 2000 to 2009

On August 17, 2007, substantial flooding occurred primarily in the Hermosa area, and flooding in the Piedmont area generally was of a localized nature. The maximum observed precipitation totals for this 2007 storm were 10.50, 10.44, and 10.00 inches, which were measured in three rain gages located just north of Battle Creek between Hayward and Hermosa (Holm and Smith, 2008).  These totals occurred within a period of about 3 hours (Holm and Smith, 2008); however, various observers reported that most of the precipitation occurred within about 2 hours. The most severe flooding during 2007 occurred in the Hermosa area, where low-lying areas in the southern and southeastern parts of this community were inundated by flooding along Battle Creek.  A railroad grade breached just south of town, and several houses in a small sub-development just downstream from the breach were washed from their foundations. Substantial scouring occurred for two bridge foundations about 2–3 miles west of Hermosa along Highway 40, and substantial damage to the highway grade occurred in several locations.  Numerous area roads incurred damage related to plugging, overtopping, or washing out of culverts, bridges, or stream crossings. A peak flow of 18,600 ft3/s occurred on this date along Battle Creek near Hermosa (station 06406000), which was second only to the 1972 peak flow of 21,400 ft3/s. 

The northern Black Hills experienced prolonged heavy rains in June 2008, which resulted in a peak flow of record (47,500 ft3/s) along the Belle Fourche River near Elm Springs (station 06438000).  A heavy storm on July 7, 2008, caused flooding along upper Rapid Creek, and a peak flow of 1,640 ft3/s was recorded on July 8 at station 06410500 (Rapid Creek above Pactola Reservoir). A peak flow of 400 ft3/s occurred along Silver Creek near Rochford (station 06408850); the next largest peaks for this station are only 14 ft3/s. 

Widespread wet conditions occurred again in 2009 in many parts of the northern Black Hills from melting of heavy snowpack and subsequent rains; however, annual peak flows for most gaging stations were not exceptional.  A peak flow of 29,500 ft3/s was recorded on April 13 for the Belle Fourche River near Elm Springs (station 06438000).


Several homes in the Hermosa area were moved from their foundations during the August 17, 2007, flood
Several homes in the Hermosa area were moved from their foundations during the August 17, 2007, flood. (U.S. Geological Survey photograph)
The railroad grade near Hermosa was breached during the August 17, 2007, storm. (U.S. Geological Survey photograph)
The railroad grade near Hermosa was breached during the August 17, 2007, storm. (U.S. Geological Survey photograph)
Low-lying areas in the southern and southeaster parts of Hermosa were inundated by flooding along Battle Creek during the August 17, 2007, storm.
Low-lying areas in the southern and southeastern parts of Hermosa were inundated by flooding along Battle Creek during the August 17, 2007, storm. (U.S. Geological Survey photograph)
A bridge site about 2 to 3 miles west of Hermosa along Highway 40 was scoured by Battle Creek flood waters during the August 17, 2007, storm
A bridge site about 2 to 3 miles west of Hermosa along Highway 40 was scoured by Battle Creek flood waters during the August 17, 2007, storm. (U.S. Geological Survey photograph)
Heavy runoff occurred in the upper Rapid Creek drainage basin near Rochford during a storm on July 6-7, 2008
Heavy runoff occurred in the upper Rapid Creek drainage basin near Rochford during a storm on July 6-7, 2008. (U.S. Geological Survey photograph)

flood iconPhoto gallery of 2007 Hermosa flood aftermath and other floods during 2000-2009


[All locations in South Dakota unless otherwise specified. Relative magnitude of event: 1, extreme; 2, severe; 3, moderate; 4, minor; 5, very minor; ft3/s, cubic feet per second. USGS, U.S. Geological Survey; --, not applicable]

Date of storm Date of flood Relative magnitude of event Primary stream Secondary stream(s) Primary town or area Description of event Source of information
1 2 3 4 5
July 21, 2001 July 21, 2001 -- -- -- -- X Battle Creek -- Keystone Some damage from localized flooding in Keystone reported. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (2008). 
July 5, 2003 -- -- -- -- X X -- -- Nemo, Rockerville No information is available regarding magnitudes of any associated peak flows. Radar image from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
May 6–7, 2005 -- -- -- -- X X -- -- Hot Springs, Red Shirt No information is available regarding magnitudes of any associated peak flows. Radar image from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
May 19, 2007 -- -- -- -- X X -- -- Lead, Rochford No information is available regarding magnitudes of any associated peak flows. Radar image from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
May 28, 2007 -- -- -- -- X X -- -- Lead, Spearfish No information is available regarding magnitudes of any associated peak flows. Radar image from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
June 21, 2007 -- -- -- -- X X -- -- Newcastle No information is available regarding magnitudes of any associated peak flows. Radar image from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
Aug. 17, 2007 Aug. 17, 2007 -- X X X X -- -- Hermosa Severe hail damage near Piedmont and substantial flooding along Battle Creek near Hermosa.   Radar image from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
-- Aug. 17, 2007 -- X X X X Battle Creek -- Hermosa Peak flow of 18,600 ft3/s occurred on August 17, 2007, at station 06406000 (Battle Creek at Hermosa); second only to 1972 peak flow of 21,400 ft3/s. U.S. Geological Survey (2009). 
July 6–7, 2008 July 6–7, 2008 -- -- X X X Rapid Creek -- Rochford High flows in Rapid Creek extended from Pactola Reservoir to upstream from Rochford.  Flood damage was limited primarily to relatively minor damage to various roads. Radar image from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (2008).
July 6–7, 2008 July 6–7, 2008 -- X X X X Rapid Creek -- Rochford Peak flow of 400 ft3/s occurred on July 7, 2008, at station 06408850 (Silver Creek near Rochford); next largest peak flows were 14 ft3/s (1976 and 1978).  Peak flow of 1,640 ft3/s occurred on July 7, 2008, at station 06410500 (Rapid Creek above Pactola Reservoir), which was second only to 1965 peak flow of 2,060 ft3/s. U.S. Geological Survey (2009). 
-- April 14, 2009 -- -- -- -- X Belle Fourche River -- Elm Springs Peak flow of 29,500 ft3/s occurred on April 14, 2009, at station 06438000 (Belle Frouche River near Elm Springs). U.S. Geological Survey (2009). 




References

Carter, J.M., Williamson, J.E., and Teller, R.W., 2002, The 1972 Black Hills-Rapid City flood revisited:  U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS–037–02, 6 p.

Holm, M., and Smith, M., 2008,  Rainfall totals from the Hermosa flash flood of 17 August 2007: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/National Weather Service, Central Region Technical Attachment 08–03, 34 p., accessed October 5, 2009, at http://www.crh.noaa.gov/crh/ssd/pdf/ta08_03.pdf.

Miller, J.R., 1986, Rapid City climate: Rapid City, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology Foundation, 66 p.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2008, The Rapid City flood of 1972—historic Black Hills floods, accessed December 12, 2008, at http://www.crh.noaa.gov/unr/?n=history.

Schwarz, F.K., Hughes, L.A., Hansen, E.M., Petersen, M.S., and Kelly, D.B., 1975, The Black Hills-Rapid City Flood of June 9–10, 1972—a description of the storm and flood: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 877, 47 p.

U.S. Geological Survey, 2009, National Water Information System (NWISWeb)—Peak streamflow for South Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey database, http://nwis.waterdata.usgs.gov/sd/nwis/peak.


Some of the documents are presented in Portable Document Format (PDF); the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader or similar software is required to view it. Download the latest version of Acrobat Reader, free of charge.

 

USGS Home Water Climate Change Core Science Ecosystems Energy and Minerals Env. Health Hazards

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://sd.water.usgs.gov/projects/FloodHistory/2001-2009/FH2001.html
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Wednesday, 09-Jan-2013 11:02:49 EST