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South Dakota Water Science Center

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USGS Water Science Centers are located in each state.

There is a USGS Water Science Center office in each State. Washington Oregon California Idaho Nevada Montana Wyoming Utah Colorado Arizona New Mexico North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Texas Minnesota Iowa Missouri Arkansas Louisiana Wisconsin Illinois Mississippi Michigan Indiana Ohio Kentucky Tennessee Alabama Pennsylvania West Virginia Georgia Florida Caribbean Alaska Hawaii New York Vermont New Hampshire Maine Massachusetts South Carolina North Carolina Rhode Island Virginia Connecticut New Jersey Maryland-Delaware-D.C.

Black Hills Area Floods - 1981 to 1990

The northern Black Hills were very wet in May 1982 (Driscoll and others, 2000), and peaks of record flow were recorded for stations along Horse Creek and the Belle Fourche River (table Biggest Peaks).  Large peak flows also were recorded along Spearfish Creek, Redwater River, and Whitewood Creek. In general, precipitation was low in all Black Hills counties during the late 1980s (Driscoll and others, 2000), which corresponds with a general dearth of large peak flows during this period.

[All locations in South Dakota unless otherwise specified. Relative magnitude of event: 1, extreme; 2, severe; 3, moderate; 4, minor; 5, very minor; --, not applicable]

Date of storm Date of flood Relative magnitude of event Primary stream Secondary stream(s) Primary town or area Description of event Source of information
1 2 3 4 5
July 23, 1981 July 23, 1981 -- -- -- -- X -- -- Rapid City Minor flooding of Rapid City streets reported. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (2008)
-- June 9, 1982 -- -- X X -- Spearfish Creek, Horse Creek, Belle Fourche River Redwater River, Whitewood Creek -- Peaks of record flow were recorded for stations along Horse Creek (station 06436700) and the Belle Fourche River (station 06437000).  Large peak flows also were recorded along Spearfish Creek, Redwater River, and Whitewood Creek. U.S. Geological Survey (2009)


Driscoll, D.G., Hamade, G.R., and Kenner, S.J., 2000, Summary of precipitation data for the Black Hills area of South Dakota, water years 1931–98: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00–329, 151 p.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2008, The Rapid City flood of 1972—historic Black Hills floods, accessed December 12, 2008, at

U.S. Geological Survey, 2009, National Water Information System (NWISWeb)—Peak streamflow for South Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey database,

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