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USGS Water Science Centers are located in each state.

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Publications on VOCs

Journals | Conferences and Symposia | Other Publications | Professional Papers | Circulars | Scientific Investigations Maps | Scientific Investigations Reports | Techniques and Methods | Water-Resources Investigations Reports | Open-File Reports | Fact Sheets | Other USGS Publications

Publications

Journals

Asher, W.E., Luo, W., Campo, K.W., Bender, D.A., Robinson, K.W., Zogorski, J.S., and Pankow, J.F., 2007, Application of a source apportionment model in an urban stream: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 26, no. 8, p. 104-111. Article.

Carter, J.M., Grady, S.J., Delzer, G.C., Koch, Bart, and Zogorski, J.S., 2006, Occurrence of MTBE and other gasoline oxygenates in CWS source waters: Journal AWWA, v. 98, no. 4, p. 91-104. Abstract.

Carter, J.M., Lapham, W.W., and Zogorski, J.S., 2008, Occurrence of volatile organic compounds in aquifers of the United States: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 44, no. 2, p. 399-416. Article.

Carter, J.M., Moran, M.J., Zogorski, J.S., and Price, C.V., 2012, Factors associated with sources, transport, and fate of chloroform and three other trihalomethanes in untreated groundwater used for drinking water: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 46, no. 15, p. 8189-8197. Article.

Church, C.D., Isabelle, L.M., Pankow, J.F., Rose, D.L., and Tratnyek, P.G., 1997, Method for determination of methyl tert-butyl ether and its degradation products in water: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 31, no. 12, p. 3723-2726. Article.

Church, C.D., Pankow, J.F., and Tratnyek, P.G., 1999, Hydrolysis of tert-butyl formate--Kinetics, products, and implications for the environmental impact of methyl tert-butyl ether: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 18, no. 12, p. 2789-2796. Article.

Johnson, R.L., Thomas, R.B., and Zogorski, J.S., 2003, Effects of daily precipitation and evapotranspiration patterns on flow and VOC transport to groundwater along a watershed flow path: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 37, no. 21, p. 4944-4954. Article

Johnson, Richard, Pankow, J.F., Bender, D.A., Price, C.V., and Zogorski, J.S., 2000, MTBE--To what extent will past releases contaminate community water supply wells?:  Environmental Science & Technology, v. 34, no. 9, p. 210A-217A. (pdf version) || (supporting material). Article.

Lapham, W.W., Neitzert, K.M., Moran, M.J., and Zogorski, J.S., 1997, USGS compiles data set for national assessment of VOCs in ground water: Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation, Fall, p. 147-157. National Assessment abstract. Article.

Lapham, W.W., Moran, M.J., and Zogorski, J.S., 2000, Enhancements of nonpoint source monitoring of volatile organic compounds in ground water (pdf version):  The American Water Resources Association, v. 36, no. 6, p. 1321-1334.

Lopes, T.J., and Bender, D.A., 1998, Nonpoint sources of volatile organic compounds in urban areas--Relative importance of urban land surfaces and air:  Environmental Pollution, v. 101, p. 221-230. Nonpoint abstract. Article.

Lopes, T.J., Fallon, J.D., and Maluk, Terry, 2000, Compositing water samples for analysis of volatile organic compounds (pdf version): Journal of Environmental Engineering, Aug., p 769-773. Compositing abstract. Article.

Lopes, T.J., Fallon, J.D., Rutherford, D.W., and Hiatt, M.H., 2000, Volatile organic compounds in storm water from a parking lot (pdf version): Journal of Environmental Engineering, Dec., p. 1137-1143.

Lopes, T.J., and Furlong, E.T., 2001, Occurrence and potential adverse effects of semivolatile organic compounds in streambed sediment, United States, 1992-1995 (pdf version): Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 20, no. 4, p. 727-737. Article.

Moran, M.J., and Hamilton, Pixie, 2003, Volatile organic compounds in ground water from rural private wells: Water Well Journal, March 2003, p. 32-35.  VOC abstract

Moran, M.J., Lapham, W.W., Rowe, B.L., and Zogorski, J.S., 2004, Volatile organic compounds in ground water from rural private wells, 1986—1999: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 40, no. 5, p. 1141-1157. Article.

Moran, M.J., Zogorski, J.S., Squillace, P.J., 2005, MTBE and gasoline hydrocarbons in ground water of the United States: Ground Water, v. 43, no. 4, p. 615-627. MTBE abstract. Article.

Moran, M.J., Zogorski, J.S., and Squillace, P.J., 2007, Chlorinated solvents in groundwater of the United States: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 1, p. 74-81. Solvent abstract. Article.

Pankow, J.F., Rathbun, R.E., and Zogorski, J.S., 1996, Calculated volatilization rates of fuel oxygenate compounds and other gasoline-related compounds from rivers and streams: Chemosphere, v. 33, no. 5, p. 921-937. Calculated abstract. Article.

Pankow, J.F., Thomson, N.R., Johnson, R.L., Baehr, A.L., and Zogorski, J.S., 1997, The urban atmosphere as a non-point source for the transport of MTBE and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to shallow groundwater: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 31, no. 10, p. 2821-2828. Urban atmosphere abstract. Article.

Pankow, J.F.,Wentai, Luo, Isabelle, L.M., Bender, D.A., and Baker, R.J., 1998, Determination of a wide range of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in ambient air using multisorbent adsorption/thermal desorption (ATD) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS): Analytical Chemistry, v. 70, no. 24, p. 5213-5221. Wide range VOCs abstract. Article.

Pankow, J.F., Luo, Wentai, Bender, D.A., Issabelle, L.M., Hollingsworth, J.S., Cehn, Cai, Asher, W.E., and Zogorski, J.S., 2003, Concentrations and co-occurrence correlations of 88 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the ambient air of 13 semi-rural to urban locations in the United States: Atmospheric Environment, v. 37, no. 36, p. 5023-5046. PDF available through Atmospheric Environment. Download the Errata (pdf) and Data set (self-extracting archive).

Pankow, J.F., Asher, W.E., and Zogorski, J.S., 2005, Source apportionment modeling of volatile organic compounds in streams: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 25, no. 4, p. 921-932. Article.

Rathbun, R.E., 2000, Transport, behavior, and fate of volatile organic compounds in streams (pdf version):  Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, v. 30, no. 2, p. 129-295. Article.

Rowe, B.L., Price, C.V., Zogorski, J.S., and Moran, M.J., 2010, Vulnerability of drinking water supply wells to VOCs: Journal of the American Water Works Association, v. 102, no. 5, p. 133-143. Abstract.

Rowe, B.L., Toccalino, P.L., Moran, M.J., Zogorski, J.S., and Price C.V., 2007, Occurrence and potential human-health relevance of volatile organic compounds from domestic wells in the United States: Environmental Health Perspectives, v. 115, no. 11, p. 1539-1546. Text and figures. Article.

Squillace, P.J., Zogorski, J.S., Wilber, W.G., and Price, C.V., 1996, Preliminary assessment of the occurrence and possible sources of MTBE in groundwater in the United States, 1993-1994: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 30, no. 5, p. 1721-1730. Article.

Squillace, P.J., Pankow, J.F., Korte, N.E., and Zogorski, J.S., 1997, Review of the environmental behavior and fate of methyl tert-butyl ether: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 16, no. 9, p. 1836-1844. Article.

Squillace, P.J., Pankow, J.F., Barbash, J.E., Price, C.V., Zogorski, J.S., 1999, Preserving ground-water samples with hydrochloric acid does not result in the formation of chloroform: Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation, v. 19, no. 1, p. 67-74. GW Samples abstract. Article.

Squillace, P.J., Moran, M.J., Lapham, W.W., Price, C.V., Clawges, R.M., and Zogorski, J.S., 1999, Volatile organic compounds in untreated ambient groundwater of the United States, 1985-1995 (pdf version): Environmental Science & Technology, v. 33, no. 23, p. 4176-4187. Supplemental Material--please download also:  Tables A1 and A2 (pdf version), Figure 1A (pdf version). Article.

Squillace, P.J., Scott, J.C., Moran, M.J., Nolan, B.T., and Kolpin, D.W., 2002, VOCs, pesticides, nitrate, and their mixtures in groundwater used for drinking water in the United States (pdf version): Environmental Science and Technology, v. 36, no. 9, p. 1923-1930. Tables A1, A2, A3 (excel files). Article.

Squillace, P.J., Moran, M.J., and Price, C.V., 2004, VOCs in shallow groundwater in new residential/commercial areas of the United States: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 38, no. 20, p. 5327-5338. Article.

Conferences and Symposia

Bender, D.A., Zogorski, J.S., Luo, Wentai, Pankow, J.F., Majewski, M.S., and Baker, R.J., 2000, Atmosphere-water interaction of chloroform, toluene, and MTBE in small perennial urban streams, in Air & Waste Management Association Conference and Exposition, 93rd, Salt Lake City, Utah, June 18-22, 2000 [Proceedings]: Sewickley, Penn., Air & Waste Management Association [CD-ROM] Paper #706 (pdf version), 11 p.

Delzer, G.C., Zogorski, J.S., and Lopes, T.J., 1997, Occurrence of the gasoline oxygenate MTBE and BTEX compounds in urban stormwater in the United States, 1991-95, in American Chemical Society Division of Environmental Chemistry preprints of papers, 213th, San Francisco, Calif., April 13-17, 1997:  Cape Girardeau, Mo., ACS, v. 37, no 1, p. 374-377.

Grady, Stephen, 1999, Assessment of MTBE in drinking water in 10 eastern states, in American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., December 13-17, 1999:  EOS Transactions, 1999 Fall Supplement, v. 80, no. 46, p. F420-F421. Assess MTBE abstract

Grady, S.J., and Casey, G.D., 2000, MTBE and other VOCs in drinking water in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic Region, in International Conference on Contaminated Soils, Sediments, and Water, 17th, Amherst, Mass., Oct. 2000 [Proceedings] (pdf version):  Amherst, Mass., Amherst Scientific Publishers, p. 60.

Koch, Bart, and Dale, M.S., 1999, Designs for nationwide randomized and targeted studies of the occurrence of MTBE and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in drinking water sources, in Water Quality Technology Conference, Tampa, Fla., Oct. 31- Nov. 4, 1999:  American Water Works Association.

Koch, Bart, and Dale, M.S., 2000, American Water Works Association Research Foundation Project national assessment of MTBE occurrence in drinking water, in American Water Works Association Annual Conference, Denver, Colo., June 14, 2000:  American Water Works Association.

Kolpin, D.W., Squillace, P.J., Zogorski, J.S., and Barbash, J.E., 1997, Pesticides and volatile organic compounds in shallow urban groundwater of the United States, in Chilton, John and others, eds., Congress on Groundwater in the Urban Environment [Proceedings]: Netherlands, A.A. Balkema, p. 469-474. Pesticides abstract

Lapham, W.W., Moran, M.J., and Zogorski, J.S.,1998, Enhancements of nonpoint-source monitoring programs to assess volatile organic compounds in the Nations's ground water, in National Monitoring Conference, Reno Nev., July 7-9, 1998  [Proceedings]:  National Water-Quality Monitoring Council, p. III-371-III-381. Enhancements abstract

Lopes, T.J., Delzer, G.C., and Zogorski, J.S., 1996, Occurrence of the gasoline additives MTBE and BTEX compounds in urban stormwater in the United States, 1991-95, in American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, Calif., Fall Meeting:  Washington DC, v. 77, no. 46, p. F283. MTBE & BTEX abstract

Lopes, T.J., and Bender, D.A., 1998, Nonpoint sources of volatile organic compounds in urban areas, in Source Water Assessment and Protection--A Technical Conference, Dallas, Tex., April 28-30, 1998 [Proceedings]: Fountain Valley, National Water Research Institute, p. 199-200.

Lopes, T.J., Furlong, E.T., and Pritt, J.W., 1998, Occurrence and distribution of semivolatile organic compounds in stream bed sediments, United States, 1992-95, in Little, E.E., Delonay, A.J., and Greenberg, B.M., eds., Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment: American Testing and Materials, ASTM STP 1333, 1998, v.7, p. 105-119. Occurrence SVOCs abstract

Lopes, T.J., 1999, Semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in streambed sediment, United States, 1992-95, in Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Annual Meeting, 20th, Philidelphia, Pa., Nov. 14-18, 1999 [abs.]: Washington, D.C., SETAC, p. 49. SVOCs abstract

Moran, M.J., Contamination of ground water by PCE - A national perspective, in Ground Water Resources Association of California, 13th Symposium Series on Groundwater Contaminants, November 10, 2004, Newport Beach, CA. GWRA abstract (pdf, 29KB) or PowerPoint Presentation

Moran, M.J., and Davis, A.D., 1998, Occurrence of selected volatile organic compounds in ground water of the United States, 1985-1995--Relations with hydrogeologic and anthropogenic variables, in Hydrology Days, 18th, Fort Collins, Colo., 1998, [Proceedings]: Atherton, Calif., American Geophysical Union, Hydrology Days Publications, p. 201-210.

Moran, M.J., Clawges, R.M., and Zogorski, J.S., 1999, Identifying the usage patterns of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and other oxygenates in gasoline using gasoline surveys, in the American Chemical Society  preprints of papers, 219th, San Francisco, Calif.,  Mar. 26-31, 2000 (pdf version):  Cape Girardeau, Mo., ACS, v. 40, no. 1, p. 209-213 .

Moran, M.J., Zogorski, J.S., and Squillace, P.J., 1999, MTBE in ground water of the United States--Occurrence, potential sources, and long-range transport, in Water Resources conference, American Water Works Association, Norfolk, Va., Sept. 26-29 [Proceedings]: American Water Works Association, CD ROM. MTBE in GW abstract

Moran, M.J., Halde, M.J., Clawges, R.M., and Zogorski, J.S., 1999, Relations between the detection of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) in surface and ground water and its content in gasoline, in the American Chemical Society  preprints of papers, 219th, San Francisco, Calif.,  Mar. 26-31, 2000 (pdf version):  Cape Girardeau, Mo., ACS, v. 40, no. 1, p. 195-198, 7 p.

Moran, M.J., Clawges, R.M., and Zogorski, J.S., 2002, Methyl tert-butyl ether in ground and surface water of the United States, in Diaz, A.L, and Drogos, D.L, eds., Oxygenates in gasoline: environmental aspects: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society, ACS Symposium Series 799, p. 2-16.

Pankow, J.F., Thompson, N.R., and Johnson, R.L., 1996, Modeling the atmospheric input of MTBE to groundwater systems, in Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Abstract Book, 17th, Washington, DC, Nov. 17-21, 1996:  Pensacola, Fla., SETAC,  p. 115. Modeling Atmospheric Input abstract

Pankow, J.F., Thomson, N.R., Johnson, R.L., Baehr, A.L., and Zogorski, J.S., 1997, The urban atmosphere as a non-point source for the transport of MTBE and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to shallow groundwater, in American Chemical Society Division of Environmental Chemistry preprints of papers, 213th, San Francisco, Calif., April 13-17, 1997:  Cape Girardeau, Mo.,  ACS, v. 37, no. 1, p. 385-387.

Pankow, J.F., 1999, Low Detection methods for the determination of VOCs in air and water as applied in the USGS National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program, in Conference on Environmental Analysis, 22nd, Philadelphia, Pa., June 1-4, 1999 [Proceedings]: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. VOCs in Air abstract

Price, C.V., 1996, Characterization of the urban landscape using Landsat-derived land cover, Census, GIRAS, and DLG data, in Pecora Thirteen--Human interactions with the environment--Perspective from space: Sioux Falls, S. Dak., U.S. Geological Survey. Urban Landscape abstract

Price, C.V., 1997, Mapping residential growth using Landsat Thematic Mapper data in conjunction with ancillaryindex.html data, in American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing:  Seattle, Wash., American Congress of Surveying and Mapping,  p. 726. Mapping Residential Growth abstract

Squillace, P.J., Zogorski, J.S., Wilber, W.G., and Price, C.V., 1997, A preliminary assessment of the occurrence and possible sources of MTBE in groundwater of the United States, 1993-1994, in American Chemical Society Division of Environmental Chemistry preprints of papers, 213th, San Francisco, Calif., Cape April 13- 17, 1997:  Cape Girardeau, Fla., ACS, v. 37, no. 1, p. 372-374.

Squillace, P.J., 1996, A review of the environmental behavior and fate of fuel oxygenates, in Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Abstract Book, 17th, Washington, DC, Nov. 17-21,1996:  Pensacola, Fla., SETAC,  p. 114-115. Environmental Behavior abstract

Squillace, P.J., Zogorski, J.S., Wilber, W.G., and Price, C.V., 1997, Preliminary assessment of the occurrence and possible sources of MTBE in groundwater in the United States, 1993-1994, in South Dakota Department of Environmental and Natural Resources Annual Ground-Water Conference, 9th, Pierre, S. Dak., Mar. 18-20, 1997: S. Dak. Department of Environmental and Natural Resources, p. 27.

Squillace, P.J., Zogorski, J.S., and Price, C.V., 1997, Urban land-use study plan for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program, U.S. Geological Survey, in Chilton, John and others., eds., Congress on Groundwater in the Urban Environment, Nottingham, United Kingdom, Sept. 21-27, 1997 [Proceedings]: Netherlands, A.A. Balkema, p. 665-670.

Squillace, P.J., Zogorski, J.S.,Wilber, W.G., and Price, C.V., 1997, Preliminary assessment of the occurrence and possible sources of MTBE in groundwater in the United States, 1993-1994, U.S. Geological Survey, in Chilton, John and others., eds., Congress on Groundwater in the Urban Environment, Nottingham, United Kingdom, Sept. 21-17 [Proceedings]: Netherlands, A.A. Balkema, p. 537-542.

Squillace, P.J., Pankow, J.F., and Zogorski, J.S., 1998, Environmental behavior and fate of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), in The Southwest Focused Ground Water Conference--Discussing the Issue of MTBE and Perchlorate in Ground Water, Anaheim, Calif., June 3-4,1998:  National Ground Water Association, p. 4-9.

Squillace, P.J., Moran, M.J., and Zogorski, J.S., 1999, Occurrence of MTBE in ground water of the United States, 1993-98, and a preliminary analysis of explanatory variables, in American Water Works Association Annual Conference, Chicago, Ill., June 20-24, 1999 [Proceedings]: American Water Works Association, CD ROM.

Squillace, P.J., Moran, M.J., Lapham, W.W., Price, C.V., Clawges, R.M., and Zogorski, J.S., 1999, Volatile organic compounds in untreated ambient groundwater of the United States, 1985-95, in Geological Society of America 1999 Annual Meeting, Denver, Colo., Oct. 25-28, 1999 [abs.]:  Denver, Colo., Geological Society of America, p. A157.

Zogorski, J.S., Baehr, A.L., Bauman, B.J., Conrad, D.L., Drew, R.T., Korte, N.E., Lapham, W.W., Morduchowitz, A., Pankow, J.F., and Washington, E.R., 1997, Significant findings and water-quality recommendations of the Interagency Oxygenated Fuel Assessment, in Kostecki, P.T., Calabrese, E.J., and Bonazountas, Marc, eds., Contaminated Soils, Amherst, Mass., October, 1996 [abs]: Amherst, Mass., Amherst Scientific Publishing, v. 2, p. 661-679. Interagency Oxy Fuel Assess abstract

Zogorski, J.S., Delzer, G.C., Bender, D.A., Squillace, P.J., Lopes, T.J., Baehr, A.L., Stackelberg, P.A., Landmeyer, J.E., Boughton, C.J., Lico, M.S., Pankow, J.F., Johnson, R.L., and Thomson, N.R., 1998, MTBE--Summary of findings and research by the U.S. Geological Survey, in Annual Conference of the American Water Works Association--Water Quality, June 21-25, 1998, Dallas, Tex., [Proceedings]: Denver, Colo., AWWA, p. 287-309. ERRATA

Zogorski, J.S.,Delzer, G.C., Bender, D.A., Baehr, A.L., Stackelberg, P.A., Landmeyer, J.E., Boughton, C.J., Lico, M.S., Pankow, J.F., and Johnson, R.L., 1998, MTBE--Summary of findings and research by the U.S. Geological Survey, in Annual Conference of the American Water Works Association--Water Quality, Dallas, Tex., June 21-25, 1998 [Proceedings]:  Denver, Colo., AWWA, p. 287-309. MTBE Summary abstract

Other Publications

Moran, M.J., 2007, Occurrence of Methyl tert-Butyl Ether and Other Fuel Oxygenates in Source Water and Drinking Water of the United States, in Barcelo, Damia, ed., Fuel Oxygenates—The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, vol. 5R: Berlin, Germany, Springer-Verlag, p. 57-73.

Zogorski, J.S., Morduchowitz, A.M., Baehr, A.L, Bauman, B.J., Conrad, D.L., Drew, R.T., Korte, N.E., Lapham, W.W., Pankow, J.F., and Washington, E.R., 1996, Fuel oxygenates and water quality--Current understanding of sources, occurrence in natural waters, environmental behavior, fate, and significance--Final Report: Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President, 37 p. with attachments. [Also published by National Science and Technology Council, 1997, Interagency assessment of oxygenated fuels, Chap. 2, Fuel oxygenates and water quality (pdf version): Washington, DC, Office of Science and Technology Policy, The Exectutive Office of the President, p. 2-1 to 2-80.]


U.S. Geological Survey Publications

Professional Papers

Rathbun, R.E., 1998, Transport, behavior, and fate of volatile organic compounds in streams: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1589 (pdf version), 151 p. PP 1589 abstract

Circulars

Zogorski, J.S., Carter, J.M., Ivahnenko, Tamara, Lapham, W.W., Moran, M.J., Rowe, B.L., Squillace, P.J., and Toccalin, P.L., 2006, The quality of our Nation's waters—Volatile organic compounds in the Nation's ground water and drinking-water supply wells: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1292, 101 p.

Scientific Investigations Maps

Bender, D.A., Price, C.V., and Valder, J.F., 2006, Occurrence of volatile organic compounds in selected urban streams in the United States, 1995–2003: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map SIM 2937, 1 sheet.

Lapham, W.W., Carter, J.M., Zogorski, J.S., and Valder, J.F., 2006, The occurrence of volatile organic compounds in aquifers of the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map SIM 2931, 1 sheet.

Rowe, B.L., Zogorski, J.S., and Valder, J.F., 2006, Volatile organic compounds in samples from domestic and public wells, 1985–2002: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map SIM 2938, 1 sheet.

Scientific Investigations Reports

Asher, William, Bender, D.A., Zogorski, J.S., and Bartholomay, R.C., 2006, StreamVOC—A deterministic source-apportionment model to estimate volatile organic compound concentrations in rivers and streams: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report SIR 2006-5110, 167 p.

Bender, D.A., Delzer, G.C., Price, C.V., and Zogorski, J.S., 2009, Occurrence of volatile organic compounds in selected urban streams in the United States, 1995–2003: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report SIR 2009–5203, 87 p.

Ivahnenko, Tamara, and Zogorski, J.S., 2006, Sources and occurrence of chloroform and other trihalomethanes in drinking-water supply wells in the United States, 1986–2001: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report SIR 2006–5015, 13 p.

Ivahnenko, Tamara, and Barbash, J.E., 2004, Chloroform in the hydrologic system—sources, transport, fate, occurrence, and effects on human health and aquatic organisms: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report SIR 2004-5137, 34 p.

Moran, M.J., 2006, Occurrence and implications of selected chlorinated solvents in ground water and source water in the United States and in drinking water in 12 northeast and mid-Atlantic States, 1993—2002: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report SIR 2005-5268, 70 p.

Rowe, B.L., Delzer, G.C., Bender, D.A., and Zogorski, J.S., 2006, Volatile organic compound matrix spike recoveries for ground- and surface-water samplings, 1997—2001: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report SIR 2005-5225, 51 p.

Schaap, B.D., and Zogorski, J.S., 2006, Occurrence of trihalomethanes in the Nation's ground water and drinking-water supply wells, 1985–2002: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report SIR 2006–5068, 64 p.

Squillace, P.J., and Moran, M.J., 2006, Factors associated with sources, transport, and fate of volatile organic compounds in aquifers of the United States and implications for ground-water management and assessments: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report SIR 2005–5269, 40 p.

Thiros, S.A., Bender, D.A., Mueller, D.K., Rose, D.L., Olsen, L.D., Martin, J.D., Bernard, B., and Zogorski J.S., 2011, Design and evaluation of a field study on the contamination of selected volatile organic compounds and wastewater-indicator compounds in blanks and groundwater samples: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report SIR 2011–5027, 85 p.

Toccalino, P.L., Norman, J.E., Phillips, R.H., Kauffman, L.J., Stackelberg, P.E., Nowell, L.H., Krietzman, S.J. and Post, G.B., 2004, Application of health-based screening levels to ground-water quality data in a State-scale pilot effort: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report SIR 2004-5174, 64 p.

Techniques and Methods

Thoms, R.B., Johnson, R.L., and Healy, R.W., 2006, User's guide to the variably saturated flow (VSF) process for MODFLOW: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods T&M 6-A18.

Water-Resources Investigations Reports

Delzer, G.C., Zogorski, J.S., Lopes, T.J., and Bosshart, R.L., 1996, Occurrence of the gasoline oxygenate MTBE and BTEX compounds in urban stormwater in the United States, 1991-95: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report, NOTICE! Please read-- WRIR 96-4145, 6 p. Occurrence of MTBE & BTEX abstract

Delzer, G.C., and Tamara Ivahnenko, 2003, Occurrence and temporal variability of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and other volatile organic compounds in select sources of drinking water: Results of the focused survey: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report WRIR 02-4084, 65 p.

Grady, S.J., and Casey, G.D., 2001, Occurrence and distribution of methyl tert-butyl ether and other volatile organic compounds in drinking water in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States, 1993-98: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report, WRIR 00-4228, 123 p.

Grady, S.J., 2003, National survey of methyl tert-butyl ether and other volatile organic compounds in drinking-water sources: Results of the random survey: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report WRIR 02-4079, 85 p.

Lundgren, R.F., and Lopes, T.J., 1999, Occurrence, distribution, and trends of volatile organic compounds in the Ohio River, 1987-96: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report, WRIR 99-4257, 99 p.

Moran, M.J., Lapham, W.W., Rowe, B.L., and Zogorski, J.S., 2002, Occurrence and status of volatile organic compounds in ground water from rural, untreated, self-supplied domestic wells in the United States, 1986-99: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report WRIR 02-4085, 51 p.

Moran, M.J., Zogorski, J.S., and Squillace, P.J., 2004, Occurrence and implications of methyl tert-butyl ether and gasoline hydrocarbons in ground water and source water in the United States and in drinking water in 12 Northeast and Mid-Atlantic States, 1993-2002: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report WRIR 03-4200, 26 p.

Toccalino, Patricia, Nowell, Lisa, Wilber, William, Zogorski, John, Donohue, Joyce, Eiden, Catherine, Krietzman, Sandra, and Post, Gloria, 2003, Development of health-based screening levels for use in state- or local-scale water-quality assessments: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report WRIR 03-4054, 22 p.

Open-File Reports

Bender, D.A., Zogorski, J.S., Halde, M.J., and Rowe, B.L.,1999, Selection procedure and salient information for volatile organic compounds emphasized in the National Water-Quality Assessment Program: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 99-182, 32 p. Selection Procedure abstract

Bender, D.A., Asher, W.E., and Zogorski, J.S., 2003, LakeVOC—A deterministic model to estimate volatile organic compound concentrations in reservoirs and lakes: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 03-212, 283 p.

Brachtl, E.V., Price, C.V., and Clawges, R.M., 1997, Selected bibliography of the fuel oxygenate methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) with emphasis on water quality: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 97-564, 25 p. Selected Biblio of MTBE abstract

Clawges, R.M., and Price, C.V., 1999, Digital data sets describing principal aquifers, surficial geology, and ground-water regions of the conterminous United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 99-77.

Delzer, G.C., and Tamara Ivahnenko, 2003, A review of literature for methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) in sources of drinking water in the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report OFR 01-322, 16 p.

Grady, S.J. and Casey, G.D., 1999, A plan for assessing the occurrence and distribution of methyl tert-butyl ether and other volatile organic compounds in drinking water and ambient ground water in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic Regions of the United States:  U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 99-207, 36 p. A Plan abstract

Halde, M.J., Delzer, G.C., and Zogorski, J.S., 1998, Study design and analytical results used to evauluate a surface-water point sampler for volatile organic compounds: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 98-651, 31 p. Study Design abstract

Ivahnenko, T., Grady, S.J., and Delzer, G.C., 2001, Design of a national survey of methyl tert-butyl ether and other volatile organic compounds in drinking-water sources: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 01-271, 42 p.

Lapham, W.W., Wilde, F.D., and Koterba, M.T., 1995, Ground-water data-collection protocols and procedures for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program--Selection, installation, and documentation of wells and collection of related data: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 95-398, 69 p. Data-Collection Protocols abstract

Lapham, W.W., and Tadayon, Saeid, 1996, Plan for assessment of the occurrence, status, and distribution of volatile organic compounds in aquifers of the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 96-199, 44 p. Plan for Assessment abstract

Lopes, T.J., and Price, C.V., 1997, Study plan for urban stream indicator sites of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 97-25 (pdf version), 15 p. Study Plan-Indicator Sites abstract

Lopes, T.J., and Dionne, S.G., 1998, A review of semivolatile and volatile organic compounds in highwayrunoff and urban stormwater: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 98-409, 67 p. Review of Stormwater abstract

Love, J.T., Delzer, G.C., Abney, S.R., and Zogorski, J.S., 1998, Study design and analytical results used to evaluate stability of volatile organic compounds in water matrices: U.S. Geologcial Survey Open-File Report, OFR 98-637, 156 p. Water Matrices abstract

Price, C.V., and Clawges, R.M., 1999, Digital data sets describing water use, toxic chemical releases, metropolitan areas, and population density of the conterminous United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR99-78.

Rowe, B.L., Landrigan, S.J., and Lopes, T.J., 1997, Summary of published aquatic toxicity information and water-quality criteria for selected volatile organic compounds: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 97-563, 60 p. Summary VOCs abstract

Rowe, Barbara, Grady, Stephen, Zogorski, John, Koch, Bart, and Tratnyek, Paul, 2001, Initial findings: national survey of MTBE, other ether oxygenates, and other VOCs in community drinking-water sources: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 01-399 1 p. poster.

Squillace, P.J., Zogorski, J.S., Wilber, W.G., and Price, C.V., 1995, A preliminary assessment of the occurrence and possible Sources of MTBE in ground water of the United States, 1993-94: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 95-456, 16 p.

Squillace, P.J., and Price, C.V., 1996, Urban land-use study plan for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 96-217, 19 p. Urban Land-Use abstract

Squillace P.J., and Moran, M.J., 2000, Estimating the likelihood of MTBE occurrence in drinking water supplied gy ground-water sources in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, OFR 00-343, 10 p.

Taglioli, B.L., Delzer, G.C., and Zogorski, J.S., 2000, Study design and analytical results used to evaluate carry-over contamination by volatile organic compounds in surface- and ground-water sampling procedures :  Open-File Report OFR-00-384, 36 p.

Fact Sheets

Bender, D.A., Asher, W.E., and Zogorski, J.S., 2003, LakeVOC— Computer model to estimate the concentration of volatile organic compounds in lakes and reservoirs FS-104-03, 6 p.

Clawges, Rick, Rowe, Barbara, and Zogorski, John, 2001, National survey of MTBE and other VOCs in community drinking-water sources: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-064-01, 4p.

Delzer, G.C., and Setmire, J.G., 1999, Quality of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) data for ground-water samples collected during 1993-95 as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program: U.S. Geologcial Survey Fact Sheet, FS-101-99 (pdf version), 4 p. Quality of MTBE abstract

Moran, Michael, Grady, Stephen, and Zogorski, John, 2001, Occurrence and distribution of volatile organic compounds in drinking water supplied by community water systems in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States, 1993-98: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-089-01, 4p.

Moran, M.J., Hamilton, P.A., and Zogorski, J.S., 2006, Volatile Organic Compounds in the Nation's Ground Water and Drinking-Water Supply Wells—A Summary: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS 2006-3048, 6 p.

Squillace, P.J., Pope, D.A., and Price, C.V., 1995, Occurrence of the gasoline additive MTBE in shallow ground water in urban and agricultural areas: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, NOTICE! Please read-- FS-114-95, 4 p. (FS-114-95 pdf version) | Occurrence of MTBE in GW abstract

Squillace, P.J., Pankow, J.F., Korte, N.E., and Zogorski, J.S., 1996, Environmental behavior and fate of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-203-96, 6 p. (revised 2/98) Behavior & Fate abstract

Toccalino, P.L., Rowe, B.L., and Norman, J.E., 2006, Volatile Organic Compounds in the Nation's Drinking-Water Supply Wells—What Findings May Mean to Human Health: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS 2006-3043, 4 p.

Zogorski, J.S., Moran, M.J., and Hamilton, P.A., 2001, MTBE and other volatile organic compounds—New findings and implications on the quality of source waters used for drinking-water supplies: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-105-01

Other USGS Publications

Koch, B., Dale, M., Zogorski, J., Delzer, G., Grady, S., Ivahnenko, T., Clawges, R., and Tratnyek, P., 2003, Occurrence of MTBE and VOCs in drinking water sources of the United States: AWWA Research Foundation Report no. 90954F, 189 p. (with appendices).

Lapham, W.W., and Zogorski, J.S., 1996, Occurrence of MTBE in shallow ground water, in U.S. Geological Survey Yearbook Fiscal Year 1995: Denver, Colo., U. S. Government Printing Office, p. 30.

Toccalino, P., Human-Health Effects of MTBE: A Literature Summary.


If you would like to receive a copy of VOC-related reports prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program, contact:

Dr. John S. Zogorski
U.S. Geological Survey
1608 Mt. View Rd.
Rapid City, SD 57702

(605) 394-3214
jszogors@usgs.gov



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